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Definition and Function of Belt Conveyor

Belt Conveyor Definition

Definition of a conveyor is machines or tools that are used to move items in large quantity continuously from one end of conveyor (start) to the other end of conveyor (end). Definition of conveyor can be separated based on the conveyor type, conveyor function and the material used for making the conveyor itself, but nevertheless the core definition of a conveyor as a whole is as stated above. Definition of conveyor is a machine that is used to move items from one point to another.

Belt is a sheet that surrounds conveyor from one of the end to the other end. The function of a belt is to act as a moving container to transport every items that are placed onto the belt from one conveyor end to the other. There are many belt material such as PVC, PU, mesh and others. PVC belt is the most commonly used type of belt while PU belt is a belt that is safe to transfort food, chemicals, medical tools or other items that require high hygiene.

Belt conveyors are basically machines that are used to assist workers by carrying and moving solid objects in large quantity. The use of belt conveyors are really common in industrial area because in residency area, people just don't move items in large quantity as in industrial area and therefore it's very rare to see residents having a belt conveyor in their home. Belt conveyors usually used to carry and move solid objects such as packaging, food and beverage, spareparts, utensils and more.

Definition of Belt Conveyor

The definition of a belt conveyor is a tool to assist workers on finishing tasks. Belt conveyors have a lot of specification that allows belt conveyors to transport solid objects with varieties of characteristic such as hot, oily, sharp and more.

Belt conveyors are used to move objects in large quantity and heavy objects. In industrial area, belt conveyors are highly needed to move product or raw materials from one place to another. Besides being fast and easy, belt conveyors can save manpower required to move the products.

Functions of Belt Conveyor

The thing that differentiate other types of conveyor is how belt conveyor move items using its belt. Belt conveyors have a belt that works to receive products and to move them.

Belt conveyor supports production processes that are more specific besides its basic function to move items. Some production processes that are supported by using a belt conveyor are:

  • Sorting

    Some production processes requires a fast and automatic product sorting process. Belt conveyors are used alongside another tool such as a sensor to separate good and bad products.

  • Packing

    Belt conveyors can be used within packaging process so products that needs to be packaged come faster to the worker who does the packaging. This packaging process is also supported by the use of carton sealer.

  • Cooling

    Hot products that just came out of processing can be cooled with a specific belt conveyor. This cooling process is usually supported by cavities on the conveyor belt which allows air current to pass through. To further reduce the cooling process, belt conveyor can be run alongside blowers directed straight to the belt conveyor.

  • Distributing

    Belt conveyors can also be used to send products from processing machines to another machines in one production process. This removes the process of manually lifting products onto the belt conveyor by manpower.

  • Labelling & Printing

    Product labelling can be supported by belt convenyors so that people can print label faster onto the product packaging with the use of tools such as printers. Labels that usually goes to the packaging are expiry date and product name label.

  • Weighing

    Products moved using belt conveyors can also be weigh automatically. This is done by using a sensor, weighing scale and ejector. Products are to be stopped on top of the weighing scale and if product weigh outside of standard weight then an ejector would push the product off the belt conveyor.